[nexa] nexa Digest, Vol 50, Issue 9

Jean-Claude Guédon jean.claude.guedon at umontreal.ca
Mon Jun 10 15:37:23 CEST 2013


Please, forgive me to react in English.

For years, publishers have played a "prisoner's dilemma" game by having
libraries signing non disclosure clauses on the results of their
negotiations in order to keep what was presented as a tailored
privilege, i.e. a slight decrease in the total price of a bundle of
titles and databases. Without the non-disclosure clause, they lose the
discount. This means that publishers are enjoying what could easily be
called a "panoptic" advantage over libraries, to use Bentham's concept
as re-elaborated by M. Foucault. 

It is indeed high time that libraries should react with a symmetrical
panoptic device to bring back some degree of balance to the power
relationship between publishers and libraries. They could do so  by
creating a database of licensing results and costs per publisher with,
of course a detailed description of what they got for their money, and
make it public. This panoptic device could start on a national basis,
for example in Italy, and then, by imitation, spread to the world. This
panoptic device should be explicitly designed to avoid having some
librarians punished for not obtaining the best deals. This is not a
ranking device, but rather a documentation of the arbitrary spread of
prices, when they are the results of opaque negotiations.

Speaking of library spending, libraries, on a national basis, could
collectively agree that, from now on, their total acquisition budget
will be distributed between acquisition and support for open access
initiatives (both Green and Gold), and the distributions could gradually
shift to the OA side. One could envision that, the first year, libraries
will divert 5% of their acquisition budget to supporting OA journals,
and then 10% the second year, and so on. The ides would be inexorably to
reduce the revenue stream of the big publishers, while putting money in
some large national OA initiative, for example an Italian SciELO-like
platform or an OA mega-journal in sciences. And if the revenue stream of
publishers begins to decrease, and it is known in investment circles,
their stock value will fall precipitously...

Collectively, libraries hold a gread deal of clout, but they have not
yet found the way to organize themselves to benefit from that clout.

Jean-Claude Guédon



Le lundi 10 juin 2013 à 12:00 +0200, nexa-request at server-nexa.polito.it
a écrit :

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> Today's Topics:
> 
>    1. Quanto spendono i sistemi bibliotecari italiani per le
>       riviste? (Maria Chiara Pievatolo)
> 
> 
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> 
> Message: 1
> Date: Sun, 09 Jun 2013 14:57:48 +0200
> From: Maria Chiara Pievatolo <pievatolo at dsp.unipi.it>
> To: <nexa at server-nexa.polito.it>
> Subject: [nexa] Quanto spendono i sistemi bibliotecari italiani per le
> 	riviste?
> Message-ID: <f40ce731865b19a7c0092f1ef9a09c07 at webmail.sp.unipi.it>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8; format=flowed
> 
>  Sembra una domanda semplice 
>  (http://storify.com/btfp1/quanto-spendono-le-biblioteche-universitarie-itali). 
>  Non ha per? una risposta semplice in termini di dati, per una serie di 
>  motivi che illustro qui:
> 
>  http://btfp.sp.unipi.it/?p=3884
> 
>  Buona parte dei dati che servirebbero per dare una risposta sono gi? 
>  pubblici, ma sepolti in qualche pdf nei meandri dei siti istituzionali.
> 
>  I dati dell'universit? di Pisa (2011), che sono riuscita a trovare sul 
>  web solo perch? mi avevano detto che c'erano, sono gi? impressionanti 
>  per la loro evidente sproporzione
> 
>  3.139.670 euro dedicati agli acquisti complessivi
>  2.886.027 euro per i periodici e le banche dati
>  solo 253.643 euro per i libri
> 
>  Se questi dati, per lo pi? pubblici, venissero raccolti e resi 
>  disponibili, gli effetti di quello che ai bibliotecari ? noto come 
>  serial crisis sarebbero ancora pi? impressionanti.
> 
>  A questo scopo, stiamo facendo un piccolo esperimento di crowdsourcing 
>  dei dati, nella convinzione che quanto ? ora difficile da trovare e da 
>  riutilizzare (essendo sepolto nei pdf) possa diventare pi? maneggevole 
>  se raccolto e immediatamente liberato, con il contributo di chi conosce 
>  le fonti.
> 
>  E' spiegato tutto qui:
> 
>  http://btfp.sp.unipi.it/?p=3884
> 
>  Se pensate che l'iniziativa sia utile, aiutatemi a diffondere la 
>  notizia.
> 
>  Grazie,
>  MCP
> 


-- 

Jean-Claude Guédon
Professeur titulaire
Littérature comparée
Université de Montréal
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